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21st Century Learning Skills 廿一世紀學習技能

Today’s economy develops around knowledge, service and information based activities.  Consequently, educators nowadays are required to make necessary changes to educational programmes to equip students with the “21st century” skills and abilities for achieving a successful career.  The demand for such changes resulted from the failure of newly hired college graduates who could not master a range of higher-level knowledge and information based skills at the level desired by their employers.

Many recent studies indicate that the “21st century” skills should include a wide range of key skills.  According to the work of the Metiri Group, the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, and the Partnership for 21st Century Skills, the core set of the “21st century” skills include capabilities in analytical problem solving, innovation and creativity, self-direction and initiative, flexibility and adaptability, critical thinking, and communication and collaboration skills.

現今社會經濟面對不少的挑戰和機遇,針對知識、服務和資訊層面的活動應運而生。教育工作者必然要對教育課程作出改動,以裝備學生擁有廿一世紀的技能和能力,從而擁有成功的職業生涯。

導致必需要改動的原因是新受聘的大專畢業生並不能掌握較高水平的知識和資訊技能,未能達到僱主的期望。

近期許多研究指出,「廿一世紀」技能應包括廣泛的關鍵技能。根據「Metiri集團」 (http://metiri.com/),美國中北部地區教育實驗室及 「廿一世紀技能夥伴聯盟」(http://p21.org/) 的研究工作結果,「廿一世紀」技能的核心能力包括分析批判性思考和解難、創造力和創新、主動能力和自我定向、靈活性和適應性、批判性思考能力、溝通能力,以及協作能力。

以下是「廿一世紀」技能的摘要名單:

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Source of image: http://www.p21.org/storage/images/stories/p21_rainbow_id254.jpg

Here is a summary list of “21st century” skills:

Category 類別 Key Skills 關鍵技能
Learning and Innovation Skills
學習和創新技能
  • Creativity and Innovation創造力和創新
  • Critical Thinking and Problem Solving批判性思考和解難
  • Communication and Collaboration溝通和協作
Information, Media and Technology Skills
資訊、媒體和科技技能
  • Information Literacy資訊素養
  • Media Literacy媒體素養
  • InformationTechnology and CommunicationLiteracy資訊科技和傳播素養
Life and Career Skills
生活和職業技能
  • Flexibility and Adaptability靈活性和適應性
  • Initiative and Self-Direction主動能力和自我定向
  • Social and Cross-Cultural Skills社交和跨文化能力
  • Productivity and Accountability生產力和承責能力
  • Leadership and Responsibility領導才能和責任感
21st Century Themes
21世紀專題
  • Global Awareness環球意識
  • Financial, Economic, Business and Entrepreneurial Literacy金融、經濟、商業和企業素養
  • Civic Literacy公民素養
  • Health Literacy健康素養
  • Environmental Literacy環境素養

 

參考資料 Sources and further reading:

  1. Framework for 21st Century Learning. Retrieved  May 22, 2013, from: http://www.p21.org/overview/skills-framework
  2. Center for 21st Century Skills. Retrieved 22nd May 2013, from: http://www.skills21.org/
  3. Boyles, Trish (2012, January 1). 21st Century Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities and entrepreneurial competencies: A model for undergraduate entrepreneurship education. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, Volume 15, 2012.